One of those ceremonial centers, or parks, is the Tibes Indigenous Ceremonial Center in Ponce. Ponce was the first city in Puerto Rico where Protestant churches were built. Lakes in Ponce include Bronce and Ponceña as well as lakes bearing numbers: Uno, Dos, Tres, and Cinco; and the Salinas Lagoon, which is considered a restricted lagoon.  The center is the site of the oldest cemetery uncovered up to date in the Antilles. Ponce Cathedral, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was built in 1839. To showcase its rich architectural heritage, the city has opened the Museum of Puerto Rican Architecture at the Wiechers-Villaronga residence. Historic Places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary.  The Royal Decree of Graces of 1815 allowed for non-Catholics to immigrate legally to Puerto Rico, but it required those who wanted to settle on the island to make a vow of alliance to the Catholic Church.  On 29 July 1848, and as a result of this explosive growth, the Ponce hamlet was declared a villa (village) by Queen Isabella II, and in 1877 the village obtained its city charter. Road to Machuelo Arriba and Montes Llanos Others yet, believe it was named after the Juan Ponce de Leon family in general. Built in 1873, the church was allowed to function by the Spanish Crown under the conditions that its bell would not be rung, its front doors would always remain closed, and its services would be offered in English only. Road to Barrios Cerrillos and Maragüez The U.S. Army then established its headquarters in Ponce.. During and after colonization, the Roman Catholic Church became the established religion of the colony. Roberto Sánchez Vilella Expressway  Cotos were lands awarded to residents as reward for their services to the king.  Mount Jayuya, at 4,314 feet (1,315 m) is located on the boundary between Barrio Anón and Barrio Saliente in Jayuya. , On 20 September 2017, Hurricane Maria triggered numerous landslides in the northernmost sections of the municipality after significant amounts of rain fell in the area in a short period of time. , The coat of arms of the municipality is based on the design of the official mayoral seal that was adopted in 1844 under the administration of mayor Salvador de Vives.  However, these four museums (Casa Armstrong Poventud, Casa Wiechers-Villaronga, Museo de la Música Puertorriqueña, and Casa de la Masacre) continue to be controlled by the ICP. Goats, sheep, pigs, asses, and mares were also herded in criaderos. Cordero was succeeded by Francisco Zayas Seijo. Boriken Taino Island.".  Its nicknames include: La Perla del Sur (The Pearl of the South) and La Ciudad Señorial (The Noble or Lordly City).  It has a surface area of 116.0 square miles (300 km2).  Many were shot in their backs while running away, including a seven-year-old girl named Georgina Maldonado who was "killed through the back while running to a nearby church.  Though not all of these were tourists, it represents a volume larger than the population of the city itself. Ponce is home to Puerto Rico's oldest cemetery; in fact, it is the oldest cemetery in the Antilles. , At the time of the U.S. invasion and occupation of Puerto Rico in 1898 during the Spanish–American War, Ponce was the largest city in the island with a population of 22,000. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Freeway PR-12 runs northbound starting at the Port of Ponce to connect with PR-14 on the northeastern part of the city. Page 13. Ponce's population, according to the 2010 census, stands at 166,327, with a population density of 1,449.3 persons per square mile (278.4/km²), ranking third in terms of population among Puerto Rican municipalities. "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". Ponce: Nuestro Ponce. Ponce Trolley: Plaza Las Delicias, Ponce, PR. The city’s architecture, neoclassical colonial, is very different from Old San Juan architecture, spanish colonial. Unfortunately, once De la Torre left office, this first fire fighting institution started to decay.. , On 7 October 1985, Ponce was the scene of a major tragedy, when at least 129 people lost their lives to a mudslide in a sector of Barrio Portugués Urbano called Mameyes. On the top triangle was the figure of a lion over a bridge. See all 7 apartments and houses for rent in Ponce, PR, including cheap, affordable, luxury and pet-friendly rentals. 10Best. , By 2007, Ponce had experienced a 61% decline in the rate of violent crimes (Type I).  The baseball teams' venue is the Francisco Montaner Stadium. The Cerrillos State Forest is also located in the municipality of Ponce. [f] The municipal legislature is composed of 16 civilians elected during the general elections, along with the mayor, state representatives and senators. For example, Barrio Tercero is bounded in the north by Isabel Street, in the east by the Rio Portugués, in the south by Comercio Street, and the west by Plaza Las Delicias. From opera singers like Antonio Paoli, who lived in the early 20th century, to contemporary singers like Ednita Nazario. In recent years, Ponce has solidified its position as the second most important city of Puerto Rico based on its economic progress and increasing population. Roughly two thirds of the total rainfall occurs in the wettest five months. The municipality is considered one of the most developed municipalities in Puerto Rico. The 2008 election of María Meléndez Altieri, brought Ponce the first woman to be elected to the mayoral office in the city's history. The museum was operated by Ferré until his death at the age of 99, and it is now under the direction of the Luis A. Ferré Foundation.  The plan was approved by the Ponce Municipal Legislature on 14 January 2003. With such mass migrations, not only the size of the town was changed, but the character of its population was changed as well. , Elevations include Cerro de Punta at 4,390 feet (1,338 m), the highest in Puerto Rico, located in Barrio Anón in the territory of the municipality of Ponce. The Ponce municipal coverage of the Puerto Rico Police force is as follows: In 2002, most of the homicides in Puerto Rico were occurring in San Juan and the greater metropolitan areas of Bayamón, Carolina and Caguas, but Ponce also had a high homicide rate. , Ponce features a tropical savannah climate (Koppen Aw). Just north of downtown Ponce lies the Castillo Serrallés and the Cruceta del Vigía, a 100-foot (30 m) observation tower which overlooks the city. Ponce is the second largest city in Puerto Rico and it is located in the southern coast.  There are six barrios in the core urban zone of the municipality named Primero, Segundo, Tercero, Cuarto, Quinto, and Sexto. Welcome to Puerto Rico.Org, Map of Ponce. Municipality of Ponce. ^^ Property crimes include: burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Puerto Rico Encyclopedia. Also, a solid manufacturing industry surged that still remains. Catholicism is the faith of the majority of ponceños. , Ponce's official flags was adopted in 1967 via a municipal ordinance. Ponce is a large municipality, with only Arecibo larger in land area in Puerto Rico. PR-1 provides access to various points east and southeast of Puerto Rico, while PR-14 provides access to Coamo and other points in the central mountain region. Chu Chu Train. The city is served by several clinics and hospitals.  The downtown area contains the bulk of Ponce's tourist attractions. Coastal promontories include Cuchara, Peñoncillo, Carnero, and Cabullón points. [note 2] Ponce is often referred to as La Perla del Sur (The Pearl of the South), La Ciudad Señorial[b] (The Manorial City[c]), and La Ciudad de las Quenepas (Genip City). Thanks to its larger area, barrio Canas was by far the most populated ward of the municipality.  There is also a beach at Caja de Muertos Island. Port of the Americas. In, Hector F. Santiago, Historian and Felix Julian del Campo, Historian.  In 2016-2017 the proposed budget was $140 million. Agriculture, retail, and services are also significant players in the local economy.  Tourism has seen significant growth in recent years. On 27 October 1992, the municipality of Ponce became the first in Puerto Rico to obtain its autonomy under a new law (The Autonomous Municipalities Act of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) enacted by the Puerto Rican legislature. In 2020, the National Trust for Historic Preservation named the Ponce Historic Zone as one of America's most endangered historic places. Examples of this are the Ponce Cement, Puerto Rico Iron Works, Vassallo Industries, and Destilería Serrallés. , Many of the city's features (from house façades to chamfered street corners) are modeled on Barcelona's architecture, given the city's strong Catalan heritage. Rent a whole home for your next weekend or holiday.  It had consular offices for England, Germany, the Netherlands, and other nations.. The PR-10 highway, which is still under construction as a faster alternative to PR-123, provides access to the interior of the island as well as points north of the island, such as Arecibo. The first of these events was the arrival of a significant number of white Francophones, fleeing the Haitian Revolution of 1791–1804. The hilly barrios of the municipality (moving clockwise around the outskirts of the city) are these seven: Quebrada Limón, Marueño, Magueyes, Tibes, Portugués Rural, Machuelo Arriba, and Cerrillos.  Cafe Rico, which metamorphosed from coffee-grower Cafeteros de Puerto Rico, has its headquarters in Ponce. Kal Wagenheim and Olga Jimenez-De Wagenheim. , As most of the crime in Ponce is connected to the drug-trade, police have an eye on illegal smuggling through the Port of Ponce A 2008 government report stated that, "Drug smuggling in containerized cargo is a significant maritime threat to the HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area) region. The region of what is now Ponce belonged to the Taíno Guaynia region, which stretched along the southern coast of Puerto Rico. Nombre y Escudos de los Pueblos de Puerto Rico. Nuestro campus se destaca por las materias de ciencias y administración de empresas.  Captains Enrique Salazar and Miguel del Toro were also instrumental. Boricua Online: Ponce Facts. As of 2008[update], the city had also engaged in the development of a convention center with a capacity for 3,000 people. "Juan Ponce de Leon Biography" Travel Ponce. With Point2, you can easily browse through Ponce, PR single family homes for sale, townhouses, condos and commercial properties, and quickly get a … There are four comprehensive care hospitals: Hospital Dr. Pila, Hospital San Cristobal, Hospital San Lucas, and Hospital de Damas. Court Justice Honorable Efraín Rivera Pérez (page 2), Ponce and its barrios, United States Census Bureau, Autonomous Municipality of Ponce official site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ponce,_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991193591, 1692 establishments in the Spanish West Indies, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Ponce, PR. The Hotel Meliá has operated in the city continuously since the early 20th century. Aida Belen Rivera Ruiz, Certifying Official, and Juan Llanes Santos, Preparer, Puerto Rico Historic Preservation Office.  Of these nineteen, seven were considered suburban in 1999. , The police acknowledged that most crime cases in Puerto Rico are linked to drug-trafficking and illegal weapons. Protestants and Catholics, and even atheists, lived together socially on the friendliest terms. This precinct includes the historic Ponce district. "Originally built in the 1840s as a public assembly hall, Ponce's City Hall was a jail until the end of the 19th century. The Carnaval de Ponce (English: Ponce Carnival), officially Carnaval Ponceño, is an annual celebration held in Ponce, Puerto Rico.  A short-haul freight railroad also operates within the Port facilities. 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